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Thursday, June 15, 2017

The Post WW2 World and the United Nations


On May 2, 2017, our Global Studies class was privileged to visit and tour the United Nations.  In our world history classes, we learned how the United Nations was created after World War II.

To get some further information on  the functions of the United Nations, a good start would be to check out their website: United Nations


Of course, there's so much to learn at and about the United Nations, and the tour was only an hour long.  For each tweet on the Storify, there's literally thousands of pages of information that can elaborate that topic.  Your challenge is to investigate some of it! Link to Storify: UN Tweets

1. Pick a tweet (mention the time stamp in your response so we know which one you are referring to.)
2. Using the website above and other research, investigate more about that tweet.  Whether it was a painting, the Declaration of Human Rights, the Security Council, etc., there's much more to know than what was mentioned!
3. Share some of what you discovered in a well developed paragraph with specific details.  Make sure to read previous posts, please do not repeat information that is already shared.
4.  Remember that the UN was created as a result of World War 2.  Find a way to connect what you learned with the effects of the war.
5.  Vague or brief posts will not receive full credit.
6.  Make sure to save your comment before submitting, in case there is a technical issue as it posts.
7. Pick something you find interesting, and enjoy the process.  I encourage you to respectfully respond to your classmates comments!

I look forward to reading what you share!

30 comments:

  1. The tweet that I chose is "Congratulations to the Government of India on the ratification of two child labor conventions #NoChildLabor #ILC2017 !" (June 13). This was done at the International Labor Conference in Geneva. It is an important step towards the complete prohibition of child labor. These two conventions were ratified two months after an amendment was made to the Child Labor Act. The new conventions include Convention 138, which sets the minimum age for employment and also Convention 182, which punishes and prohibits the most cruel type of child labor. In the 2001 census, there were 12.6 million child laborers between the age of five and 14 in India alone. Fortunately, this number dropped in 2011 to 4.35 million. With the ratification of these two conventions, six out of eight core ILO conventions are in place. The other four (before the two recent ones) are about abolition of forced labor, no discrimination between men and women, and equal pay. There was also child labor during WWII because companies were in need of people to work in factories. One person's story from BBC says that he worked in a factory that manufactured heavy diesel engines that were used in sub power stations at the age of just 14. The implementing of laws concerning child labor are now there to help prevent children from unfair and dangerous employment.

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    1. I agree that child labor should be demolished and I think that it is an extremely important subject for the United Nations to focus on. it is very incorporated to peace and a large reason that peace is affected is because of children. By making new child labor laws there are now more chances for peace for these children. I feel like child labor being demolished is extremely important for peace everywhere.

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    2. I agree with this. I believe in that child labor is a bad thing, but I think this shouldn't be a limiting factor for barring children for jobs. True they shouldn't be working in unfair and dangerous environments. I believe though that with training and education they will be able to work in these environment even as a child. Congrats to them for abolishing child labor, but child labor can also be very important experiences.

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  2. True peace requires building bridges & standing up for human rights of all people June 14th.
    I thought that this tweet was very powerful especially from an organization created because of a war. Of course now the United Nations is dedicated to keeping peace in the entire world. This tweet was about a countdown to the International Day of Peace. The tweet was not very specific which gives a lot of room to interpret what peace they are talking about and I believe that since it is such a great and peaceful organization that they are talking about the peace of everyone. The United Nations also talks about building bridges. Between building bridges and keeping peace I believe that this tweet pretty much sums up everything the United Nations is about and what It is trying to accomplish. I believe that they are trying to address many different issues with this one tweet. The terrorist threat of ISIS and what they are doing to try and destroy the Middle East, the conflict with Korea and their attempts at atomic weapons, and even the discrimination of minorities everywhere. This really incorporates all of the different kinds of peace that the world needs and should be entitled to. This also shows the efforts that the United Nations are taking in order to try and achieve peace in our lifetimes. The international day of peace is a very important day especially to a peace keeping organization. This really shows the importance of the United Nations and what it does in order to try and achieve peace for all.

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    1. Sean Fitzsimmons, 2A

      I completely agree with what Steve is saying. This quote shows how truly peaceful the United Nations is, and how they strive to help everyone to help each other. Threats such as ISIS and North Korea shouldn't exist, because everyone should be treated the same: with respect.

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  3. June 15, 2017 6:58 AM

    This tweet is about the UN Security Council. The council is comprised of 15 members that is responsible for the peace and security of the international community. All members have to comply with the Security Councils decisions under the UN charter. They are the ones who determine the threats to the international communities. They call on countries to settle disputes peacefully and try to come to a solution. In cases where peace talk doesn't work out, the council can impose sanctions or a type of punishment on a member. They will also send out UN peacekeeper if necessary to keep the peace. They are also responsible for the appointment of judges to the international court, but more noteablly responsible for the admission of a new member country. A representative from each member must be present at the UN HQ at all time so a meeting can be called anytime. The UN Security Council is created to combat the repeat of what Hitler did. When Hitler invaded Poland, no one was there to say it was a huge threat and must be stopped immediately. Now with the Security Council these types of threats like an invasion of another country is not seen.
    -Hong Wang

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    1. I think that the UN Security Council is extremely important and plays an important role in society. I think that if it existed when Hitler invaded Poland, there wouldn't have been as many casualties. It is amazing to see that people are taking initiative to bring peace to countries, even if it dangerous.

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  4. 8:30 AM - 2 May 2017 (Why is World Tuna Day so special?)

    World Tuna Day is designated to be celebrated every year on May 2nd. This is an important holiday in the United Nations because it is a very important resource. It is used as food, nutrition, for the economy, and in different cultures and religions. There are increasingly more tuna factories in the world, and there re more tuna fish being caught. The United Nations website states, "We observe World Tuna Day to highlight the importance of sustainably managed fish stocks in achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development." Clearly, World Tuna Day is a very crucial holiday. Two food products that are mainly made from tuna are canned tuna and sushi. The tuna that is in high demand in Japan for sushi is the Bluefin tuna. There are over 40 different species of tuna, and in 2010, they made the US 10 billion dollars, which shows how greatly they contribute to the economy. Many countries trade tuna, such as the United States and Japan. The Food and Agriculture Organization controls and regulates tuna stocks and when and where they are sold. Also, tuna has is a very good source of protein, and is healthy if prepared properly. As you can probably tell, tuna is a very beneficial in the fact that it is good for the economy, and that it is very nutritious. This holiday also highlights the importance of tuna, because the numbers are decreasing due to too much hunting of marine creatures. We should appreciate what tuna has done for us, and realize that killing too much is not good. The production of tuna is connected with the effects of World War II because people were less in agricultural jobs, and had more industrial jobs. Catching and processing tuna is not agricultural, and after the war, the increase in the capture of sea food became more prevalent. This led to more tuna being produced, which led to trade between the nations. Tuna was also probably high in demand for its nutritional, economical, and cultural/religious advantages. This is how it connects to what we leaned about the effects of World War II.

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    1. When I saw this tweet I thought that it would be hard to connect to World War II. But now I see and agree with the hidden significance of the tweet. It is World Tuna Day, and this is because tuna does have a global impact. Not only is it significant today, but now I am realizing that it could have played an important role in World War II. Tuna seems like it is just a simple food, but it is a resource and in high demand due to the many benefits it provides.

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  5. The tweet I chose to share and dig deeper about is captioned "71 years since the UN's creation,how do we guarantee the Holocaust cannot happen again? The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a start" which was tweeted at 12:09pm. What I learned through the United Nations is that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a milestone document in the history of human documents. It was drafted by numerous representatives who each had various backgrounds in different fields. This Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 in order to provide a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights that would be rules set out for people to prevent what had happened during the Holocaust. Additionally, it has been translated into over 500 languages. There are a total of 30 Articles and a Preamble. This document was made in reaction to World War II. After the Holocaust happened and approximately 6 million Jewish lives were lost, people declared the events as ridiculously cruel. They realized that this wrongdoing had a huge impact on people and countries. From then on, they worked on this document and finally issued it. The Holocaust resulted to the creation of this document which will now prevent the Holocaust from happening again in the future. I believe that this was super vital because this will prevent the same mistake from occurring again. This creates a distinct line for what people and countries can do to enact upon others. Because of this monumental document, these tragic events will be prevented in the future.
    -Katherine Hu 5A

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    1. I completely agree that the document is a vital part of keeping something like the Holocaust to happen again. I also believe that is why we learn about it in school so much. It's definitely important for us, as students, to recognize that we need to learn about the past and the history that comes along with it. Knowing the amount of people that died, the amount of cruelty that went on in the world, is so important to have knowledge on. This way, we can make sure nothing ever happens like that again.

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    2. I think that we cannot completely guarantee that the Holocaust or something like it will not ever happen again. Even with such a document, the future is unknown. Sure we can keep legal agreements or teach children about social studies to make sure that history doesn't repeat itself. Even so, there are have been many discrepancies and wars all throughout history and there will be many more to come. Although the Jews and the native Americans are now being treated as equal, there are still other minority groups that have to fight for their freedom, rights and education. While progress is being made in society, the future is still unknown.

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  6. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  7. May 2, 2017 at 12:14 PM

    The tweet includes information on the U.N. General Assembly and what they were discussing that day. That specific day consisted of discussions on forestry, and most likely the use of wood. The General Assembly is a group of representatives from each of the 193 member countries, where each one gives their opinion on certain issues, and then the most fair resolution is created. The General Assembly determines members of the Security Council, and they also determine the budgeting of the U.N. Even further, they create all policies that the member nations have to abide by, which then go to the Security Council for a decision, depending on the topic. Lastly, one of the most important things that they do is settling common disputes that occur within member nations. This is so crucial to the survival of the U.N. because if any issue rises that separates two member nations, other nations may take sides and cause the United Nations to collapse as a whole. Moving on, the formation of the United Nations was a necessary response to the tragedies of World War II. As previously stated, one crucial aspect of the U.N. is to prevent disagreements between countries. This is so important because if a disagreement was significant enough, a war could break out, and there is no telling how large it could grow. Overall, the General Assembly is imperative to the functioning of not just the United Nations, but of the peace kept around the world.
    -Suneet Desai 5A

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  8. The tweet I saw was a painting gifted to the United Nations by the Guggenheim Foundation. After doing some research on it, I found some interesting information on it. I found out that it is a mural created by a Spanish artist named Jose Vela Zanetti. The painting is known as “Mankind’s Struggle for a Lasting Peace”. In the center of the painting, a figure is implanting the emblem of the United Nations. The rest of the painting has several other symbols all throughout it, such as concentration camps, bombings, and war. The figure implanting the emblem of the United Nations serves a purpose, symbolizing that mankind is reconstructing the world that is being destroyed by all the war. To create this painting, he won a contest that gave him the opportunity to paint a mural that depicted the theme of peace. Clearly, his painting got the message of peace across by portraying the world being rebuilt after all the destruction caused by war. War definitely had an effect on Zanetti because it inspired him to make the mural that is now a representation of peace and hope after war. This tweet made me learn more about the United Nations and that they still have these paintings to represent their message of peace.

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  9. I would like to share a tweet that bridges modern technology with helping the world. The tweet is "Learning abt #shareTheMeal app- help children receive meals for 50 cents #unitedNations" (May 2). We are using our resources to help those less fortunate. By unifying the world using a simple act, a magnificent impact can be made. The United Nations is playing its part in spreading prosperity throughout the world, and trying to eliminate hunger and poverty. I can relate this to the Truman Doctrine during the Cold War. The Truman Doctrine was established by United States President Truman, stating that the United States would provide economic support to countries under Soviet threat. This is another example a wealthier country helping a less fortunate country. The UN was created to continue this share of support and wealth, even after the end of World War 2.
    -Devina Jain B5

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    1. I think it is truly amazing how we can connect with each other even though the other person may be across the globe. With just a few clicks you can be connected to a person that you might not have seen before because they are far away. This app is revolutionary. With just 50 cents, you can give someone a meal. Probably all of us have just a spare 50 cents in our pocket and if we donated that, someone could eat and be happy. Its great how the UN is supporting the whole world with the help of modern technology and I hope that more and more ideas will arise and benefit the less fortunate people.

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  10. The tweet that I found was the most interesting was titled "Memorial for the Transatlantic Slave Trade at the United Nations" 7:49 AM - 2 May 2017 from Manhattan, NY. The transatlantic Slave Trade took place in the 15th to 19th centuries and was a way to transport Africans to America. This was done so wealthy people could sell the slaves in exchange for goods and produce. Weapons and gun powder were the most important commodities and were exchanged in return for slaves. IT is often regarded as the first system of globalization though not the best. Slaves were taken aboard ships and dragged on long journeys often ending in death. It is estimated that approximately 17 million slaves were deported for the Transatlantic Slave Trade alone. Also known as the Triangular trade, Africa exchanged slaves for textiles and gunpowder with Europe and Europe traded slaves for cotton and tobacco in the Americas. In addition, this tweet relates to the Cold War because the Triangular Trade created more tensions in Africa and caused more outbreaks of war in Africa. Although other countries were affected by world war II, Africa was one of the countries that were hit the hardest. Black people were still not accepted in society and were regarded as inferior. We see it more after world war II because many countries feel apart so it was unmasked.

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  11. The tweet that I chose was not an actual tweet, it is what a picture said. This was at 12:31 PM on May 2 2017. This was a picture of the daily world military expenditures. What the picture said really hit somewhere in my heart. It stated, "The world is overarmed and the peace is underfunded". This quote can be understood in many different ways. Under this caption was a number that represented how much a day we spend on warfare. I am sad to report that $2,030,174,394 is spent a day world wide on the military. This is so much money. Just think about how much money is spent in a week, in a month, in a year! This amount is extravagant and not in a good way. We spend so much money as a whole on the military. If we are spending this much money on the military, how much are we spending on world peace? The answer is simple, not as much as the number stated before. We are so on edge that we are building up our military and our armed forces so much that we are not concentrating on the real issue at hand, world peace. Because we are always so scared that something bad is going to happen and that we don't pay any attention to keeping any peace between any nation. This is why we constantly get into little brawls between other countries. Also, we fight over military and weapons. If one country has something, another will try to beat them and another will try to beat them, its never ending. This is why we have no peace. We are spending so much money on topping others that we aren't focusing on what really matters, peace. When I visited the UN website, I was very sad. The first thing I read was that "Violence and persecution uprooted record 65.6 million people in 2016, UN reports". These people were at peace, they were trying to make a change in the world by starting small and building up from there, it is devastating to hear that their efforts were broken down and they were forced to flee if they did not want to go to war with another country. Things like this happen every day but shouldn't be happening. We might not even know it, but we might be starting conflict with another country. We never know in today's ever changing society. Most of the people who were rooted up were from the middle east and most were refugees. Some more facts that I read were that they were displaces because of discrimination, and human rights violence. They are people too and they should have a say on what goes on. However, they don't. Because they are from other countries trying to promote peace in a foreign area, they face repercussions which they should not have to face. What they did was not an act of violence. They were trying to promote world peace. We should do our part to bring the number spent on world peace higher than the one sent on the world's military. A journey of a miles starts with a single step and that step is you. In order for change to happen, we must unite and combat this problem together.
    -Nikki 3B

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    1. I really liked Nikki's viewpoint on this situation. I do believe that we are spending a significant amount of money on our military, just as Nikki's research shows. If we are mostly focused on military instead of world peace, I think that is just contradictory. We are creating more war and blaming it on trying to accomplish world peace. This does not make sense at all. We need to make a change, and like Nikki said, put more money into world peace rather than our military. Keirsten Dunn 3B

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  12. The tweet I chose to research was "The mural is a guy from #Norway- nite [note] the symbolic Phoenix in the center. #UnitedNations" (12:04 PM - 2 May 2017 · Manhattan, NY). The artist was Per Lasson Krohg who was a Norwegian. His most famous work is commonly referred to as the mural at the United Nations Security Council Chamber, and it was donated in 1952. Krohg was directly affected by World War Two as he was forced to be a laborer at the Veidal Prison Camp, located in Germany. I believe this would give him extra derive to work with the United Nations because he would want peace to avoid World War Three so people do not need to experience what he went through. This mural is meant to be symbolic that that through the United Nations we can change the world to make it more peaceful and free. Krohg stated that “The essence of the idea is to give an impression of light, security and joy. The world we see in the foreground is collapsing, while the new world based on based on clarity and harmony can be built up”. After the war, the world was the ruins, but the United Nations would help to build it back up. I think the important word from this quote is can because this will not just happen without the help of the people coming together. One main focus of the mural is the phoenix. The phoenix can symbolize the new peace and equality we will achieve with the help of the United Nations that will rise from the ashes left from World War 2.

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  13. (Tuesday, June 13th, 2017)"Congratulations to the Government of India on the ratification of two child labor conventions #NoChildLabor #ILC2017!"

    I chose this tweet because I think that this is huge for the Indian Government. Children who are working are put through terrible conditions and nobody does anything to stop it. Now, the Indian Government finally has. On the 13th, they put a stop to several chld labor operations throughout their country. While child labor is still legal and still somewhat abusive all over the globe and mostly concentrated in Southeast Asia, it is good to see that some countries, specifically India in this case, are working to stop it.

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    1. My apologies, this was Sean Fitzsimmons, 2B.

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  14. Keirsten Dunn 3B- "In those windows are where translators stay to give translations to the ear pieces" (12:06pm 2 May 2017) I chose this quote because of the significance of how everybody all over the world can communicate. In my research, I found out that the UN leaders have to speak in one of six languages: English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic, and Chinese. Then, it is translated into one of the five languages. After that, if the leader still doesn't know how to speak that language, then they have to bring their own interpreter. I learned that being an interpreter is an exhausting job, and that they usually switch off every 20 minutes. Since the UN was formed at the end of WWII, this shows how each country finally came together to peacefully discuss what was happening in the world. This helped form relationships between other countries and created a beneficial way to keep track of them. I think the way of communication between the world powers is very interesting.

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    1. This perspective was very interesting to me because not only do translators help in communication but it also helps with forming relationships and allies, like Keirsten stated. This opened up my eyes and widened my view because I wouldn't have thought of forming relationships between countries before.

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  15. Megan Merola 3B- "Learning abt the Holocaust and how they divided people ( Jews, gays, Roma, emigrants, etc ) and color coded them #genocide #UnitedNations." (12:08 PM,2 May 2017). I chose this tweet because I have always been interested in the Holocaust. This year and previous years I have learned a lot about this period in history. In the beginning of Hitler coming to power Jews started to get their rights taken away. Jews were eventually not able to vote, practice law, participate in any form of government, or own their own business in any part of Germany. Jews were completely separate on a different side of town and eventually put into ghettos, concentration camps, and death camps. Children were separate from parents, brothers were separated from sister, and husbands were separated from their wives. This was a horrible time period in history but it is important to know about so history doesn't repeat itself. I enjoy researching this subject and think it is very important to learn about. Jews were not the only people put into the death camps, gays, romas, and immigrants were also put into these camps. They would take the people with helpful skills or the stronger men to work and the others would be killed. People where taken from their homes and treated like animals.

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  16. I read about the universal declaration of human rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over 500 languages.

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  17. Mahek Desai
    Block 3B
    The tweet I chose said, “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights include Rights to movement, education, a nationality, etc #UnitedNations” and was tweeted on May 2nd, 2017 at 12:12 PM. This tweet was in reference to 8 papers shown in the picture with symbols on each one that represent everything people have a right to. For example, one states, “Everyone is entitled to a social and international order, in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this declaration can be fully realized.” This sheds light on the fact that every individual has rights and freedom that they need to acknowledge and be aware of. Another one stated, “ 1. Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. 2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the united nations.” Then, one of the papers had a picture of a human dangling from the string from the balloon and it stated, “1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. 2. Everyone has the right to leave any country including his own. And to return to his country.” This right is to guarantee and declare that people have the freedom to choose where they live, when they want to leave, and if they want to return. This is an extremely important right because it allows people to leave the country and enter again. The last paper in the picture that was legible stated, “1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. 2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing the recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of other and of meeting the just requirement of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. 3….” This long quote is very very important because as stated everyone contributes to the community in which the can develop their personality. All in all, these four quotes that were stated in the picture sum up some of the rights that people have due to the Human Rights. This is extremely important because it is a large part of the foundation of our country and still lives on today in addition to the bill of rights and our governmental structure including the three branches of law (Executive, Legislature, and Judicial).

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  18. The tweet I chose was: "The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the most translated document in the world #UnitedNations : 12:11 PM - 2 May 2017. I chose this tweet because human rights are so important, and all humans should be granted with the same rights. No one in this world should be treated unequal. This quote further shows that everyone is granted the same rights and freedoms, no matter the gender, race, or sexuality. During World War II, Hitler took away many people's human rights, especially the Jews. The Jews were treated unfairly and unjustly in this time period. However, once the war ended, Jews had gained the freedom every other race and country had. With that said, this connects to the effects of World War II because after the war ended, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created. World War II ended in 1945, and the declaration was written in 1948.

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  19. I chose to respond to the following tweet from 12:00 pm on May 2: "In the center, 15 countries belong to the council. But 193 member countries. 5 permanent members were Allies after WW2 #UnitedNations"

    This tweet is interesting to me because it discusses the structure and organization of the security council of the UN. There are a total of fifteen members (or countries) on the Council. Five of these members, as discussed in the tweet, are permanent. The permanent nations are China, France, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Russian Federation. The current ten non-permanent nations are Bolivia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Senegal, Sweden, Ukraine, and Uruguay. It is also interesting to note that the non-permanent members are elected every two years. Another interesting fact is that more than 60 members of the United Nations have never served on the security council. A cool thought is that the security council functions somewhat similarly to our Congress, except instead of having people to serve on Congress, the security council elects entire countries! The UN security council is like an insanely over-sized Congress.

    Visit this link for more information about the structure of the UN security council: http://www.un.org/en/sc/members/

    - Bhavya Patel, B3

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